PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT
Principles of Management
Purdue Global University
June 19, 2021
Management involves the coordination of tasks and activities of a group of people to achieve a common goal. It involves coordinating and overseeing other people’s work to ensure that the activities and work are completed efficiently and effectively. In health settings, management ensures that a healthcare facility is running as it should, concerning the budgets, the organization’s goals, and meeting the community needs. The changing dynamics in health care systems, shifting demands and opportunities, innovations and technology, requires that they are managed to ensure the goals of an organization are met and that it runs smoothly. The management principles include planning, organizing, directing, leading and controlling.
In any healthcare setting, planning is essential to meet the organization’s goals. Planning gives direction to the managers and employees in an organization. It involves setting objectives and finding a course of action to ensure the objectives are met and fulfilled. Identifying goals, devising strategies and techniques to achieve the goals, and developing plans to integrate and coordinate operations are all part of planning. They are three types of planning this include strategic planning, tactical planning and operational planning. Strategic planning, this entails long term plans. It includes the long term goals and vision of an organization (Morden, 2017). It allows the organization to look past day to day activities and plan for the whole operations of an organization. It has a long duration of more than one year. Management planning involves assessing the organization s goals and objectives and setting a realistic plan for achieving them. It consists of determining the various options and methods that can be used to attain an organization’s goals and objectives. Operational planning often focuses on a specific task and, in most instances, includes a short term plan of less than one year.
Organizing is a managerial function that comprises establishing an organizational structure and allocating human resources to achieve a specific goal. It involves coordinating and directing the corporate resources to ensure that the objective of an organization is met. It requires organizing what works are to be performed by whom and what tasks are to be completed ( Prasad, 2020). Organizing in health care involves assigning work, recruitment and development of staff, acquisition of technology, and allocation of finances. Through managing the job, it ensures there are collaborative efforts towards attaining a given goal. Therefore, organizing entails organizing the type of work, work environment, and actions that provide an organization’s goals and objectives.
It involves taking actions and initiatives in leading the people in an organization. It includes influencing, motivating, persuasion and inspiring people towards achieving and contributing towards the goals of an organization. It provides for the use of effective communication to lead the people towards achieving a common goal.
Controlling refers to monitoring the actions and activities of the employees. It includes setting performance standards, measuring the staff members’ performances, comparing the performance, and taking corrective actions. There are three types of control processes in management and health care. The three types are mixed to ensure there is effective management in the organization. It includes output control, process control and input control (Miles and Scott, 2019). Output control focuses on the measurable results within an organization; this could be the number of patients admitted and attended to, the range of services provided, the number of bed occupied and the number of working hours during which a service is available. Process control involves controlling the actions that lead to results; process control consists of measuring the activities and outcomes to determine performance, detect improvements, or maintain high-performance levels.
Miles, J. M., & Scott, E. S. (2019). A new leadership development model for nursing education. Journal of Professional Nursing, 35(1), 5-11.
Morden, T. (2017). Principles of management. Routledge.
Prasad, L. M. (2020). Principles and practice of management. Sultan Chand & Sons.