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Here are some details on my English assignment for college:

· I need a minimum of an %80 percent on this assignment that’s weighted out of 10.

· Everything is based on the source that I will provide for you.

· This assignment is in three parts from Unit 6 and 8, to complete the Mini Assignment 2.

· I`ll be providing you with the template and the rubric for this assignment.

· This Assignment is due July 12, 2021, at 11:59 pm.

· I chose the narrative source 



· Must read the article and answer the questions on the assignment.

· Definitely no plagiarism, please!!


This Magazine → I’m not a fake Canadian

I often think of myself as a proud Canadian. Of course, Canada is by no means a perfect—or even racism-free—country, but as a Chinese-Canadian who has had the privilege of travelling widely, Canada remains one of my favourite places. But I’ve learned that introducing myself as Canadian in a foreign


Here is Unit 6 Lesson: Research 1 (That you need to know about)

What is Research?

Research is a form of inquiry and discovery.
Contrary to popular belief, research does not mean to find sources of information that confirm or “prove” an argument you have in mind.
It does mean to cast a wide net, explore a range of possible sources, select the most helpful ones, and discover your thesis (the answer to your central question) through the trial-and-error process of putting sources in conversation. Your argument should come from your research.
Research can be time-consuming and is not always neatly linear and orderly. Often you will find too many sources and not use many of them in your essay.
Also, sometimes you will only discover what you want to say about the sources when you are writing about them.
To put this another way, you don’t figure out what you want to argue and then find the sources that “back up” the argument. You learn what your argument is through the processes of research, writing, and rewriting.

The Research Process

Although research can be disorganized and random, we can approach it in an organized way.
There are five stages to the research process:
1. Define Your Topic
2. Identify Types of Sources
3. Find Sources
4. Evaluate Sources
5. Cite Sources

Step 1: First, define your topic. What are you going to write about? Brainstorm ideas to come up with a research topic. Use your textbook, an article from a newspaper or magazine, a quick Google search, or your own interests for an idea. Narrow your topic by being specific about the time, place, and context of the topic.
For example, if you are writing on rhetoric, do you want to write on political rhetoric in ancient Greece, or fitness rhetoric in California in 2020?
One you have a topic, do some background research so you have a basic understanding of the topic. You can use Wikipedia to quickly learn names, dates, places, and basic ideas. This will help you when you search for better sources that you can use in your essay.

Step 2: Identify the types of sources you want to use. For the most up-to-date information, look in newspapers, magazines, and scholarly journals. For information on specific industries, look in trade journals. Most industries will have a journal talking about trends and developments in the field. 
Books will have older information. Often, the information in books was first published in magazines and journals. However, they give a more comprehensive look at a topic.
You can also look for documentaries and videos on the topic. These should be used with written articles in academic essays.

Step 3: Find the sources! Use Centennial Libraries online collection by doing a general search of the topic. You can also click on the “Advanced Search” link to do a more specific search with more keywords about the topic. We will talk about keywords more in the next section.
If you have trouble with your research, ask a librarian for help. 

Step 4: Evaluate the sources you find. Is the information correct? Do you trust the author? Is the source relevant to your assignment? Can you use it?
Use the CRAAP test we discussed in Unit 3.
· Currency: How recent is the source? Is the information up-to-date?
· Relevance: Does the source help us answer our question? (This criterion is important to research projects). 
· Authority: Is the writer knowledgeable about the topic? What are her/ his qualifications?
· Accuracy: Is the information true, precise, factual, and otherwise reliable? Are sources cited, and are they in turn reliable? 
· Purpose: Is the source aiming to inform? Are there other motives involved (stated or unstated), such as generating sales?

Step 5: Cite your sources. Whenever you use information, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from a source, you need to cite it. This shows respect for the author you are using. This also allows the reader to find the source and learn more themselves. If you do not give credit, you are plagiarizing—stealing—the information. In APA style, cite the information at the end of the sentence. You also need to give the important publication information about the source at the end of the essay.

What is a Research-Driven Critique?

What is a Critique?

Now you will start working on the Research-Driven Critique Essay.
In this essay, you will choose a source from a list provided by the professor, either a narrative or an argument, and work with it for several weeks to produce a research-driven critique—that is, you’ll critique the source and to support that critique through your own web-based research. 
Let’s look at these two processes of the research-driven critique in a little more detail.
 To “critique” a source means to look at it critically by
· analyzing it (seeing how it is put together) and
· evaluating it (judging its reliability, significance, or some other quality).
In this context, “critical” does not necessarily mean something negative. You might judge a source positively. However, that positive judgment is based on careful analysis and study. 

What to Examine When Critiquing a Source

The source you choose will either be an argument or a narrative. An argument is a claim that is supported with evidence. A narrative is like a story, where the author explains how something happened. 
Because these types of writing are different, the critique will examine different characteristics depending on the type of source you choose.
For an argument, you will examine
· the accuracy of thesis, reasons, and evidence (Is the information correct?);
· the logic of the argument (Is it logical, or are there fallacies and inconsistencies?);
· the author’s fairness and bias (Is it fair-minded and reliable, or too one-sided?).
The fundamental question is, How accurate, logical, and fair is the writer’s argument?

For a narrative, you will examine
· the truthfulness (Is it sincere and reliable?);
· the significance (Is it important?);
· the relevance (Does it relate to present day concerns?).
The fundamental question is, How truthful, significant, and relevant is the writer’s narrative?

What is a Research-Driven Critique?
The purpose of research in this essay is to develop your critique of the main source (the argument or narrative). You will use research to answer the fundamental question about the source. This question depends on the type of source you choose. 

Argument: Develop your critique to analyze the quality of the argument. Is it logical and accurate? Has the writer used appropriate sources and defensible reasons, or are there logical inconsistencies, inaccuracies, missing information, and fallacies in the argument? These questions are more important than if you agree or disagree with the argument. 

Narrative: Develop your critique to analyze the relevance and truthfulness of the narrative. What do other writers on this issue have to say, and how does that compare to your main source? Can we verify the truth or sincerity of the writer’s narrative? How does the writer’s experience and perspective differ from what other sources tell us?
Keep these questions in mind when you choose your source, and when you begin your research.

Task: Choose Your source

Beginning the Research-Driven Critique 

This is the beginning of your Research-Driven Critique Essay. You will build it in stages over several units. 
· In Units 6 and 8, you complete Mini Assignment 2, which includes an annotated bibliography and an outline of your essay. 
· In Unit 9, you will write the draft.
· In Unit 10, you will revise and edit the draft.
· In Unit 11, you will complete the final draft.
The source you critique your research essay will be either an argument or a narrative. You are already familiar with argument sources, but we will briefly recap the main points about arguments and add a few new pieces of information before going on to define narrative.

Type 2: Personal Narrative

A personal narrative is an essay about a particular moment, event, problem, or question that occurs in the writer’s life. These essays are usually brief and tightly focused. They are told using the same narrative techniques as fictional stories–plot, character, setting, figurative language–but they are true and autobiographical.
Writers of personal narrative essays typically do not directly state their main message or overall meaning. They usually evoke a mood, describe a situation, share an experience, or detail an event, and compel readers to put together the meaning for themselves.

Examples of Personal Narratives

Read the following narratives and identify the moment, event, problem and question. 
Malcolm Conner’s story of negotiating transgender identity and romantic love in College:


Problems or Questions

The writer of a personal narrative usually seeks to understand or unravel some specific problem or question in his or her life.
· Malcolm Conner wants to better understand the problem he faces of dating a female Indian classmate as a transgender male in the the context of ongoing struggles around acceptance of LGBTQ and racial identity in North America.

Main Message

Narrative writers typically avoid stating their main meaning directly. Readers must infer the lesson of the narrative, and it’s possible for different readers to arrive at different–if related–interpretations.
As a reader, questions to ask may include, “What does the writer most want me to understand?”, or “How does the writer want me to think differently from reading this narrative?”, or “What is the writer’s central insight?”

Elements and Strategies

Where arguments are built out of reasons and evidence (along with background information and context), narratives are built out of narrative strategies and elements.
Narrative elements include character, event (plot), setting, theme, and symbolic or figurative language. Narrative strategies include creating puzzles for the reader; and creating suspense, surprise, and emotion.
Character, event, setting, and theme provide important clues to the narrative’s message. So do the various strategies, such as creating emotion and surprise, because thematically rich moments and moments of heightened emotion or surprise are often where writers come closest to conveying their message directly.

Summary of Source Types

Arguments and narratives are by no means the only types of sources around us. But they are very common and very powerful. Primary means of transmitting ideas, they shape our beliefs and actions, often in hidden ways. Knowing how to break them down and evaluate them helps us to become more critically aware consumers of information. We will also become more equipped to push back against the stereotyping, oversimplifications, inaccuracies and prejudice that sometimes characterize public conversation or discourse including message we see in many forms of the media.
Fundamentally, the structures of narratives and arguments are simple, and can be summarized as follows:

Narrative: Problem or Question, main message (usually implied), narrative elements and strategies

What to choose?

Choosing a narrative if…
· you enjoy absorbing stories and reflecting on language;
· you want to engage with contemporary issues that may be more subtle than a controversy or debate; or
· you want to stretch yourself by trying a different type of source.

Task: Choose Your Source

Step 1: Choose one of the following sources as the basis of your Research-Driven Critique Essay. 

Narrative Sources 

Source 3: Charmaine Anne, L. (2020, June 17). I’m not a fake Canadian. THIS (Online), Retrieved from 

Step 2: Once you have chosen your source, deconstruct it.

· Do a reverse outline.
· Write a one-paragraph summary.

Step 3: Answer the following questions: 

 If you’re using a Narrative: 

Strengths: What makes the narrative seem truthful, important, and relevant? Why should the narrative matter to other people today?

Flaws: What voice or perspective does the narrative allow us to hear that is perhaps often hidden? Moreover, what do you think are some other possible perspectives on the same issue/problem raised in the narrative? In other words, how would the same experience/issue/problem look from a different perspective?
This is all you need to know about the assignment. This is the first part of the assignment the next part will be given on Monday for me so I’ll email you tmrw on this email thread. Email me for more clarification.
Thank you,


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