Read Robert the Monk of Rheims’ account of Pope Urban II’s call for a Crusade. ( Please write above 300 words )
To whom did Pope Urban direct his call for a crusade? What values and traditions did he invoke in doing so?
How did he present the Crusades as a potential solution to the problems in Europe?
In what ways could the Crusades be viewed as an example of international cooperation? Why might the papacy want to claim leadership in such an endeavor?