ECO 561 Week 4 Quiz (A+++++ Answer)

1. Business cycles occur when output

A. falls below its potential

B. rises above its potential

C. is fixed at its potential

D. fluctuates around its growth trend

2. Which of these statements best describes a complete individual business cycle?

A. Movement from peak to trough to peak

B. Movement from recession to expansion

C. Movement from peak to recession to trough

D. Movement from trough to expansion then to peak

3. During the business cycle, the period between the point at which output reaches a high and the point at which it reaches a low is called

A. a peak

B. a trough

C. an expansion

D. a recession

4. Which of the following equals the market value of all final goods and services produced in an economy, stated in the prices of a specific base year?

A. Nominal GNP

B. Nominal GDP

C. Real GDP

D. Real GNP

5. Imagine a country has a population of 210 million. Within the country there are 95 million people who are employed workers, 50 million people incapable of working, and 60 million people capable of working, but not actively looking. Based on this information, what is the unemployment rate?

A. 3%

B. 5%

C. 7%

D. 9%

6. The unemployment produced by fluctuations in economic activity is called

A. frictional unemployment

B. cyclical unemployment

C. natural unemployment

D. structural unemployment

7. New college graduates are most likely to experience

A. frictional unemployment

B. cyclical unemployment

C. natural unemployment

D. structural unemployment

8. The natural rate of unemployment is defined as the

A. highest sustainable rate of unemployment achievable under existing conditions

B. unemployment rate that is consistent with the economy operating at its potential output

C. unemployment rate at which there is no cyclical unemployment

D. the rate of unemployment that should exist according to policy makers

9. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is based on

A. surveys of retail store sales

B. a broad index of all items in GDP

C. surveys of the prices of items in a market basket

D. Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates of price changes

10. Unanticipated inflation is a problem for society because

A. it rewards lenders at the expense of borrowers

B. increases real profits in the short term

C. rewards savers at the expense of spenders

D. benefits borrowers at the expense of lenders

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